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History of Vietnam


Well-known worldwide as one of the countries rising from the long-term yoke of domination, colonization, and smoke of wars, Vietnam history is proud of its old, magical and heroic history pages. The Vietnamese have not only written a book of over 4000 thousand years of building and defending the country but they also make many efforts to add new pages of its integration and development process on a par with powerful nations in the world as an aspiration of its great leader – President Ho Chi Minh. Let’s learn and research Vietnamese history with the best Vietnam Tour Operator.
Vietnam’s history can be divided into the following stages:

  • Vietnamese Pre-history: First human trace and from Paleolithic to Neolithic
  • Early Dynasty Epoch: Hong Bang, Thuc, Trieu Dynasty (c.2879 – 111 B.C)
  • Chinese Occupation: 111 BC – 938 AD
  • Feudal Period: 939 – 1858
  • French Colonization and the Establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam: 1858-1954
  • The Vietnam War: 1954-1975
  • Independence, Integration and Development Period: 1975 – until now


History of Vietnam: A comprehensive look at the country through the ages


The rich history of Vietnam spans over thousands of years. This article will take you on a journey through the history of Vietnam, examining the major periods that shaped the nation. Additionally, you will find top historical sites that you should visit to gain a deeper insight into Vietnam’s rich past.


The history of Vietnam is filled with significant events and rich stories (Source: Collected)

The heroic history of Vietnam has fascinated people worldwide for generations. The country’s relentless struggles for independence, along with profound social and cultural transformations, have shaped its unique identity over time. Exploring Vietnam’s rich past provides you with a deeper appreciation for its vibrant culture and the indomitable spirit of its people.

1. A brief history of Vietnam through major periods

The timeline history of Vietnam can be divided into several key periods as follows:

1.1. The period of formation

How old is Vietnam? The ancient history of Vietnam can be traced back to the 7th century BC, when the Van Lang kingdom was established. This marked the development of the Red River civilization, characterized by an advanced culture symbolized by the Dong Son bronze drum. 

Throughout its history, Vietnam faced numerous wars and uprisings against foreign powers, beginning with the resistance against the Qin dynasty in the 3rd century BC.

For over a thousand years, Vietnam came under the rule of various Chinese dynasties. Despite these challenges, Vietnam continued to grow and evolve, progressing through different periods such as Van Lang, Au Lac, Van Xau, Dai Co Viet, and Dai Viet. 

The history of Vietnam country unfolds through various significant periods (Source: Collected)

1.2. The period of renaissance and development

During the Ly (1009-1226), Tran (1226-1400), Ho (1400-1407), and Le So (1428-1527) dynasties, Vietnam experienced a period of renaissance and development, often referred to as its golden age. Notable advancements were made in agriculture, irrigation, and the flourishing of traditional crafts.

Additionally, an important milestone in the history of the Vietnamese language occurred during this time with the introduction of Nom scripts. These distinct writing systems emerged from the reformulation of Chinese Han scripts, leaving a lasting impact on the history and culture of Vietnam.

1.3. The period of imperialism and colonialism

The 19th century was a period of imperialism and colonialism in the history of Vietnam, as Western capitalist nations exerted their dominance over the country.

The French gradually gained control over Vietnam through missionary activities and trade, making it the first time Vietnam had to confront the invasion of a Western power. 

In response, some Vietnamese intellectuals recognized the necessity of reforms to revive the country and preserve its independence. However, the Nguyen dynasty resisted many reform initiatives, leading Vietnam to become a semi-feudal colony for nearly a century, from 1858 to 1945.

Vietnam faced significant challenges during the period of imperialism and colonialism (Source: Collected)

1.4. The era of peace, unification, and national construction

The struggle against French colonizers in Vietnam involved 2 main forces: the middle class and the working class, led by the Communist Party of Vietnam. Through immense determination and sacrifice, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was established with the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945. 

Subsequently, Vietnam faced another formidable conflict from 1954 to 1975, this time against the United States, as they fought for national liberation and unity. The war culminated in a historic victory with the spring offensive in 1975, marking the beginning of a new era characterized by peace, unity, and national development in the history of Vietnam.

In 1986, Vietnam implemented the Doi Moi (reform) policy, a significant turning point in the history of modern Vietnam. This policy aimed to revitalize the economy, leading to ongoing growth and progress in the country.

2. The pivotal role of President Ho Chi Minh in the military history of Vietnam

President Ho Chi Minh is widely recognized as a prominent figure in the history of Vietnam. As the leader of the Communist Party of Vietnam, he led the fight for independence and freedom from foreign control.

During his lifetime, Ho Chi Minh led the Vietnamese people in a long and challenging struggle against French colonialism and American intervention. His strong leadership and inspiring vision motivated millions of Vietnamese people to fight for their country’s rights and sovereignty. 

President Ho Chi Minh’s vision and guidance not only secured Vietnam’s independence but also laid the foundation for its political, economic, and social development. His enduring legacy carries immense meaning for the Vietnamese people, serving as a constant source of inspiration and pride.

History of Vietnam

President Ho Chi Minh is an iconic figure in the history of Vietnam (Source: Collected)

In 1976, the Vietnamese people paid tribute to President Ho Chi Minh’s significant contributions by renaming Saigon to Ho Chi Minh City

Throughout the country, numerous landmarks have been established to honor his legacy. These include the iconic Ho Chi Minh MausoleumHo Chi Minh Museum HanoiHo Chi Minh Museum Da NangHo Chi Minh’s Stilt House, Kim Lien Relic Site, and Pac Po Relic Site. Each of these sites stands as a powerful testament to the lasting influence and profound impact of President Ho Chi Minh in shaping the history of Vietnam.

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